SALUS UNIVERSITY COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

Introduction to Health Policy
HS-PHE-5000-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Students learn to understand and effectively apply health policy based on their understanding of analytical strategies presented in this course.  Focus is on four substantive areas:  economics and financing; need and demand; politics/ethics/law, and quality/effectiveness.  Examples of these areas will utilize three specific policy issues:  injury, medical care, public health preparedness.

Fundamentals of Epidemiology 1
CHS-PHE-5030-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
First in a two-course series taught over two semesters.  Introduces the basic concepts of epidemiology and biostatistics, as applied to public health problems.  Emphasis is placed on the principles and methods of epidemiologic investigation, appropriate summaries and displays of data, and the use of classical statistical approaches to describing population health.  Demonstrates the application of the epidemiological sub-disciplines in the areas of health services/systems, screenings, genetics and environment policy, as well as the intricacies of epidemiology and biostatistics with the legal and ethical issues in public health.

Fundamentals of Epidemiology 2
CHS-PHE-5031-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Second in a two-series course taught over two semesters, with focus on various epidemiology study designs for investigating associations between risk factors and disease outcomes, culminating with criteria for causal inferences.  Demonstrates the application of the epidemiologic sub-disciplines in the areas of health services/systems, screenings, genetics, and environment policy, as well as the intricacies of epidemiology and biostatistics with the legal and ethical issues in public health.

Introduction to Biostatistics
CHS-PHE-5040-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
First of a two course series introduces the fundamental concepts in applied probability, exploratory data analysis, and statistical inference, while focusing on probability and analysis of one and two samples.  Emphasis is placed on understanding and interpreting the concepts, with a reliance on the use of formulae and computational elements in the learning process.  

Introduction to Biostatistics II
CHS-PHE-5041-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Second of a two course series explores the discrete and continuous probability models, expectation and variance, central limit theorem and inference, focusing further on hypothesis testing and application of confidence for means, proportions, counts, maximum likelihood estimation, sample size determinations, elementary non-parametric methods, graphics displays, and data transformations.  Emphasis is placed on understanding and interpreting the concepts, with a reliance on the use of formulae and computational elements in the learning process.

Environmental Health
CHS-PHE-5001-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Comprehensive course examining health issues, underlying causes, and public health approaches for controlling major environmental health problems in both industrialized and developing countries.  Students gain an understanding of how the body reacts to environmental pollutants (physical, chemical and biological agents of environmental contamination) and vectors for dissemination (air, water, and soil) are examined.  Solid and hazardous waste, susceptible populations, and biomarkers and risk analysis concepts are addressed.  Scientific basis for policy decisions are explained, with focus on emerging global environmental health problems.

Social and Behavioral Approach to Public Health
CHS-PHE-5002-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Designed to help students develop basic literacy regarding social concepts and processes that influence health status and public health interventions.  Allows students to develop insight into populations with whom they have worked in the past or will work in the future.  Presents the essential tools for understanding and effectively analyzing psychosocial issues in public health.

Program Implementation and Evaluation
CHS-PHE-5003-AA | 3 credits (foundational requirement)
Interactive course introduces the basic concepts of public health practice and includes a series of simulated public health practice exercises that clearly demonstrates the applicability of basic concepts.  Students gain a thorough understanding of types of program evaluation essential for an effective and successful public health practice.  Further practical experience given through a series of exercises where students design a conceptual framework, develop a network of indicators, analyze statistical evidence, and propose an evaluation plan to measure the impact of an intervention.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health Care
CHS-PHE-5500-AA | 2 credits (elective)
Focus is on comprehending basic economic concepts needed to understand the recommendations from the US Panel on Cost Effectiveness in Health and Medicine.  Distinction between opportunity costs and budgetary costs are made from analyses of cost-effectiveness research reports.  Course includes critical discussion of current articles demonstrating cost-effectiveness analyses, enabling the student to read, comprehend, and perform a basis critique of cost-effectiveness papers, and take part in discussions of planned cost-effectiveness research.

Epidemiology of Infectious Disease
CHS-PHE-5501-AA | 2 credits (elective)
A case study approach introduces the basic methods for infectious disease epidemiology and to understand disease syndromes and entities relevant to the health of populations (respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, hepatitis, HIV, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, and other vector-borne diseases). The course covers definitions and nomenclature, outbreak investigations, disease surveillance.  The tools for outbreak investigation and disease are thoroughly discussed and their application is identified in the case studies.

Introduction to Bioterrorism
CHS-PHE-5502-AA | 1 credit (elective)
Introduces and reinforces the understanding of basic concepts and principles of terrorism preparedness and response, as well as identification of specific practical considerations.  The course is presented via case studies to illustrate plausible scenarios, first response activities, critical elements, and planning strategies.

Introduction to Bioethics in Health Care
CHS-PHE-5503-AA | 1 credit (elective)
With a focus on ethical theory and its principles, as well as current ethical issues in public health and health policy, this course introduces concepts of resource allocations, summary measures of health, the right to health care, and conflicts between autonomy and health promotion efforts.  Concepts relevant to research ethics also introduced.

Humanitarian and Refugee Health
CHS-PHE-5530-AA | 3 credits (elective)
Addresses the provision of basic health requirements for refugees and the coordination of care among the agencies concerned with them.  Course focuses on the true needs of populations displaced by natural or man-made disasters, and students learn to apply epidemiological information toward designing and monitoring relief activities and health services. Course emphasis on the importance of other issues surrounding displaced persons, as well as the value of collaborating with the affected community, local and international organizations, host governments, the United Nations, military forces, and the media.

Health Literacy and Effective Communication Program Design
CHS-PHE-5504-AA | 2 credits (elective)
Presents concepts, strategies and processes needed to effectively modify health behavior and health outcomes through public awareness campaigns and training programs in various situational contexts.  Students learn how to identify and assess the political, ecological, social, technological, legal and economic factors that influence the strategic development and delivery of promotional campaigns and training programs; develop the skills necessary for establishing programmatic goals; budgets and delivery models conducive to identified needs; learn different methods of evaluating education and its impact on health.

Epidemiologic Study Design and Grant Writing
CHS-PHE-5505-AA | 1 credit (elective)
Interactive course to equip students with a thorough understanding of experimental, quasi-experimental and non-experimental study designs, including the strengths and limitations of each.  The course also outlines the methodological and logistical problems involved in designing and conducting epidemiologic studies.  Students participate in the preparation of a research protocol for a study in a human population.

Public Health Issue of Aging Populations
CHS-PHE-5506-AA | 2 credits (elective)
A gerontology course designed to introduce the student to the study of aging, its impact on individuals, families and society, and what factors have driven the creation of health policy related to older persons.  A wide variety of aging topics will be explored, including the prevention and management of chronic conditions; demography; biology; epidemiology of diseases; physical and mental disorders; functional capacity and disability; health services; health policies; social aspects of aging, and ethical issues in the care of older individuals as well as hospice and palliative care.

Public Health Informatics
CHS-PHE-5507-AA | 2 credits (elective)
Technology and information sciences are changing the practice of public health radically.  An understanding of the information tools that make this possible in this age of evidence-based decision-making is important for a public health professional. This course covers public health information needs, methods of data capture, data security and sharing, data storage and retrieval.  Also examines public health informatics tools such as syndromic surveillance and GIS (geographic information system), and how they are used to predict and prevent infectious disease outbreaks.  The student learns reasonable expectations of today’s technologies, and the direction in which the field is heading.

Introduction to Public Health Genomics
CHS-PHE-5508-AA | 1 credit (elective)
This course combines new findings in genomics (the study of the entire human genome) with public health principles and concepts.  The student learns genomics’ significant potential impact for improving the health, safety and longevity of the public.  Benefits of genomics studies and their potential contributions and benefits to large populations are explored.  The student develops an understanding of information and other factors necessary to strategically develop health strategies for the public health benefit of large populations.

International Development and Health
CHS-PHE-5509-AA | 1 credit (elective)
Most health care professions have practitioners involved in philanthropic activity.  With the expansion of the philanthropic activities of today’s healthcare professions, and the increased debates as to how limited resources can be applied in our world, debate has created a demand for further training in health and development so that health professionals are empowered to implement programs within the appropriate paradigm.  This course presents evidence-based guidelines for public health interventions to build global capacity that serve populations in need.

Survey of Public Health Issues
CHS-PHE-5510-AA | 1 credit (elective)
Provides students with an introduction to public concepts and practice.  Includes an overview of the social processes that influence health status and public health interventions; the strategic importance of health policy development and implementation; environment  health considerations in populations; health organization and administration; and the role and impact that the concepts and tools of epidemiology and biostatistics play in public health design implementation and evaluation.

Perspectives in Development
CHS-PHE-5511-AA | 2 credits (elective)
The primary objective of this course is to expose the participants to concepts and different facets of health in development.  It aims to prepare participants to critically analyze and develop policies towards poverty reduction through exploring the strong links between health and development in both the global and local context.  Students receive an overview of understanding and implementing health related interventions to reduce poverty and hence to improve quality of life and development.  This course uses the UN Millennium Development Goals as a framework to understand the role of health in development.  It also includes an analysis of worldviews such as welfare economics (Ex: Marxism) and market economics (Ex: globalism) in health and development and its impact.  The course concludes with a summary of progress of the agenda of health in development, health in development challenges, strategies and practice.

Interdisciplinary Service Delivery Models
CHS-PHE-5512-AA | 2 credits (elective)
This course will discuss the history of interdisciplinary and interprofessional care, some of the basic theory of team science, and provide references for the basics of this theory.  Examples of collaborative practice in health care will be presented and discussed.  Foundational competencies for inter-professional practice will also be reviewed.  Practical examples of healthcare teams, such as patient safety, quality improvement, disaster medicine, acute chronic and preventive care and sample exercises will be discussed.

Health and Human Rights
CHS-PHE-5513-AA | 2 credits (Elective)
This course explores social, political, economic and global implications of the “The Istanbul Declaration -- Health: The First Human Right," which was adopted at the 12th World Congress on Public Health, 1 May 2009.Global policies and practices that have embedded discrimination, disparity and social injustice in health care systems will be analyzed.

Global Health and Leadership
CHS-PHE-5514-AA | 2 credits (Elective)
This course provides an overview of the major social, cultural, economic and geopolitical forces shaping the world’s health and health care systems. It presents the knowledge and skills that are essential to analyzing the factors that contribute to health and offers strategies and real-world examples for improving health status. Using a virtual classroom, the course includes current information from governmental, private sector, NGO and policy institutes. The course overlays the role and strategies of leadership in advancing global health development. 

Value-Based Health Care - Population Health Strategies to Improve Quality and Manage Costs
CHS-PHE-5515-AA | 2 credits (Elective)
The course presents the rationale for the U.S. health care system’s movement from fee for service (FFS) and towards shared risk and population based payment. Details the key elements of recent federal policies enacted by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA). It reviews the implications for providers, patients, health systems, and payers of population based alternative payment models.

Independent Study 1 - 6
CHS-PHE-5540-AA, CHS-PHE-5541-AA, CHS-PHE-5542-AA, CHS-PHE-5543-AA, CHS-PHE-5544-AA, CHS-PHE-5545-AA | 1 credit each (electives)
Independent study is a specialized instructional program.  An independent study is an opportunity for students to utilize research skills to explore an area of interest in greater detail.  The subject content, objectives to be achieved, credits to be awarded, and the effort to be expended by the student are all individually decided by the instructor and student.  

Applied Practice Experience 1-4
CHS-PHE-6030-AA, CHS-PHE-6031-AA, CHS-PHE-6032-AA, CHS-PHE-6033-AA | 2-4 credits (required)
The MPH program requires a student to demonstrate competency attainment through an Applied Practice Experience (APE).  Applied practice experiences may be concentrated in time or may be spread throughout a student’s enrollment. Opportunities may include the following: (1)  a practicum or internship completed during a summer or academic term; (2) course-based activities (e.g., performing a needed task for a public health or health care organization under the supervision of a faculty member as an individual or group of students); (3) activities linked to service learning, as defined by the program; (4) co-curricular activities (e.g., service and volunteer opportunities, such as those organized by a student association); and (5) a blend of for-credit and/or not-for-credit activities. Each student is required to demonstrate attainment of at least five competencies, of which at least three must be foundational competencies. Assessment is conducted through a portfolio approach and must include at least two products. Examples include written assignments, journal entries, completed tests, projects, videos, multi-media presentations, spreadsheets, websites, posters, photos or other digital artifacts of learning. Combined degree students have opportunities to integrate and apply their learning from both degree programs through applied practice experiences.

Integrative Learning Experience 1-4
CHS-PHE-6130-AA, CHS-PHE-6131-AA, CHS-PHE-6132-AA, CHS-PHE-6133-AA | 2-4 credits (required)
The MPH program requires that each student complete an integrative learning experience (ILE) that demonstrates synthesis of foundational and concentration competencies. Students in consultation with faculty select foundational and concentration-specific competencies appropriate to the student’s educational and professional goals. The ILE represents a culminating experience and may take many forms, such as a practice-based project, essay-based comprehensive exam, capstone course, integrative seminar, etc. Regardless of form, the student produces a high-quality written product that is appropriate for the student’s educational and professional objectives. Written products might include the following: program evaluation report, training manual, policy statement, take-home comprehensive essay exam, legislative testimony with accompanying supporting research, etc. Ideally, the written product is developed and delivered in a manner that is useful to external stakeholders, such as non-profit or governmental organizations. The ILE is completed at or near the end of the program of study and may be group-based or individual. Combined (dual, joint, concurrent) degree students should have opportunities to incorporate their learning from both degree programs in a unique integrative experience.
 

PA COLLEGE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

HCA 620 Applied Practice in Health Care Administration | 3 credits
In this course, students apply knowledge and demonstrate competency in health care administration through research and practice.
Prerequisites or Co-Requisites: NHA 521, NHA 522, NHA 601, NHA 602, IPC 601

IPC 501 Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in a Diverse Society | 3 credits
This course focuses on social determinants of health for diverse populations and critical analysis of various theories and practices for health promotion and disease prevention. Levels of prevention, population health, environmental health, epidemiology and culture are addressed. Health disparities and vulnerable populations are considered.
Prerequisite: None

IPC 502 Innovation and Technology | 3 credits
This course examines the development and implementation of newly emerging information and mobile health technologies that are reshaping all aspects of health care. Concepts of creativity, innovation, communication, and change are addressed. Cutting edge approaches for impacting optimal health outcomes are explored.
Prerequisite: None

IPC 511 Graduate Research| 3 credits
This course provides an overview of quantitative and qualitative research methods commonly used for systematic inquiry in health care. Current research literature is evaluated. Quantitative and qualitative techniques of data analysis are also examined.
Prerequisite: None

IPC 512 Health Care Policy and Finance| 3 credits
This course analyzes policy issues and policy making relating to current economic, political, societal, and technological realities affecting health care. Theories and techniques of financial management are critically examined.
Prerequisite: None

IPC 550 Integrating Experience I 0 credits
This weekend long seminar brings students from all graduate programs together to work collaboratively on solving problems and dealing with scenarios drawn from health care. During this seminar, students will develop their proficiencies in communication, finance, teamwork, decision making, change management, ethical and legal behavior, systems thinking, analytics/informatics, and creative innovation.
Prerequisites: IPC 501, IPC 502, IPC 511, IPC 512

IPC 601 Leadership in Healthcare | 3 credits
This culminating foundational course examines integrative roles of professionals in health care management, education, and practice. Theoretical leadership concepts are synthesized in relation to personal and professional values with emphasis placed on leading diverse teams.
Prerequisites: IPC 550, completion of 24 graduate credits

IPC 650 Integrating Experience II | 0 credits
This weekend long seminar brings students from all Graduate Programs together to work collaboratively on solving problems and dealing with scenarios drawn from health care. During this seminar, students will demonstrate their mastery of communication, finance, teamwork, decision making, change management, ethical and legal behavior, systems thinking, analytics/informatics, and creative innovation.
Prerequisite: All graduate courses complete

NHA 521 Health Systems Organization and Management | 3 credits
This course explores design and implementation issues within current health care delivery systems including management and leadership techniques to address them.
Prerequisite: None

NHA 522 Organizational Behavior and Process Improvement in Health Care | 3 credits
This course examines the concepts of managing human behavior and approaches to quality assurance and performance improvement within health care organizations.
Prerequisite: None

NHA 540 Healthcare Human Resource Management | 3 credits
This course provides a framework of human resource tools and the knowledge of utilization of those tools in appropriate situations. The learner will gain an understanding of linking strategies to human resources practices in an ever-changing global, healthcare environment.
Prerequisite: None

NHA 601 Quantitative Business Analysis| 3 credits
This course provides the tools necessary to analyze and interpret data in the business environment. Content focuses on the design, operations and control of business processes.
Prerequisite: IPC 550

NHA 602 Strategic Planning | 3 credits
This course provides an overview of skills, concepts, and methods required for a leader to think, plan, and act strategically. The course will focus on formulating, developing, and assessing the strategies that promote long-range success for organizations in today’s changing environment.
Prerequisite: IPC 550

NHA 611 Healthcare Human Resource Management | 3 credits
This course provides a framework of human resource tools and the knowledge of utilization of those tools in appropriate situations. The learner will gain an understanding of linking strategies to human resources practices in an ever-changing global health environment.

NHE 531 Curriculum Design| 3 credits
This course deals with the theory and practice of curriculum design. The course focuses on how curriculum is designed, developed, implemented, and revised in a way that maximizes learning.
Prerequisite: None

NHE 532 Teaching Strategies| 3 credits
This course examines the teaching-learning process including a variety of instructional methods and delivery modalities in higher education and learning organizations.
Prerequisite: None

NHE 540 Online Teaching Strategies | 3 credits
This course provides the foundational knowledge and skills for teaching effectively in an online environment. 
Prerequisite: NHE 531, NHE 532, NHE 611

NHE 611 Educational Assessment | 3 credits
This course focuses on the application of assessment, measurement, evaluation and testing, and the integral part that assessments play in the teaching and learning process.
Prerequisite: IPC 550